Finishing concrete stairs with wood: methods, choice of material, stages of facing

The concrete frame of a staircase in a cottage or mansion is usually a monolithic structure. It is made by pouring mortar into a pre-prepared formwork with a reinforcing frame. At the same time, reinforced concrete factory products are almost never installed in private homes due to their standard design, which is rarely suitable for buildings built according to personally developed projects.A large number of homeowners prefer concrete inter-storey staircase structures. However, the high-strength material used for their construction is not very warm. To change this situation, the concrete staircase is finished with wood. We will tell you about the design features, methods of facing, and the choice of wooden material.

Design features

The concrete frame of a staircase in a cottage or mansion is usually a monolithic structure. It is made by pouring mortar into a pre-prepared formwork with a reinforcing frame. At the same time, reinforced concrete factory products are almost never installed in private homes due to their standard design, which is rarely suitable for buildings built according to personally developed projects.

Monolithic concrete stairs are usually created in houses made of bricks and other similar materials. Concrete allows you to make a structure of any size and configuration. It is not afraid of humidity and sudden changes in temperature. Therefore, it is built inside and outside the building, in rooms with and without heating.

At the same time, a ladder made only of wood may become loose during operation due to the impact of dynamic loads. As a result, it will lose its reliability and start making unpleasant creaks. In addition, the wooden supporting frame undergoes “aging”over time. After all, wood is characterized by biological reproduction. These disadvantages do not appear in concrete structures even after many years of operation.

Plating methods

Finishing of the staircase is selected taking into account the allocated budget, the wishes of the homeowner and the design of the premises. Complete skinning is carried out or it is performed only on some parts of the structure. After the first version of the cladding, the staircase is almost impossible to distinguish from a completely wooden structure. With partial decoration, structural parts that are exposed to loads every day are often finished.

When choosing the skin option, also take into account:

  • design configuration.

  • features of the facing material;

  • condition of the reinforced concrete frame.

Monolithic concrete stairs are usually created in houses made of bricks and other similar materials. Concrete allows you to make a structure of any size and configuration. It is not afraid of humidity and sudden changes in temperature. Therefore, it is built inside and outside the building, in rooms with and without heating.

Selection of facing wood material

Before covering a concrete staircase with wood, you need to choose the best option for lumber. It is better to solve this problem by a specialist. After all, he knows all the subtleties of the process. It is important to choose the right option, even if you plan to use valuable wood or material in the form of glued panels.

During the selection process, the specialist takes into account:

  • grade of lumber;

  • correct cutting of wood;

  • quality of lamella bonding;

  • location of individual elements that form a wooden shield.

During the finishing process, wooden decorative elements of the staircase are made on-site or used ready-made. In the second case, the facing parts are cut out of glued panels in the factory after removing the dimensions of the concrete frame. This method of manufacturing the necessary elements implies the use of professional equipment, which is used to perform the following tasks::

  • cutting of lumber;

  • milling of parts;

  • selecting slots.

  • edge processing;

  • chamfering.

At the same time, a ladder made only of wood may become loose during operation due to the impact of dynamic loads. As a result, it will lose its reliability and start making unpleasant creaks. In addition, the wooden supporting frame undergoes "aging"over time. After all, wood is characterized by biological reproduction. These disadvantages do not appear in concrete structures even after many years of operation.

Stages of professional finishing of a staircase concrete structure

Covering a concrete staircase with wood is always performed by specialists in stages. Professionals first determine the amount of lumber required. When calculating its quantity, the dimensions of the stairs are taken into account. Experts measure treads, risers and the height of future railings. Then count the total number of all wooden elements.

Plating methods Finishing of the staircase is selected taking into account the allocated budget, the wishes of the homeowner and the design of the premises. Complete skinning is carried out or it is performed only on some parts of the structure. After the first version of the cladding, the staircase is almost impossible to distinguish from a completely wooden structure. With partial decoration, structural parts that are exposed to loads every day are often finished.

Step correction

If the individual steps differ too much in size, then the dimensions are corrected by self-leveling mixtures. However, for their filling, the formwork is pre-installed. Tile glue is also often used for the same purpose. During kneading, the consistency of the mixture is monitored. The solution is made thicker in comparison with the composition for tiles.

Preparation of the base

High-quality staircase cladding can be performed only after all defects on the concrete base have been eliminated. There should be no cracks or bumps on the surface. Before removing them, dust is removed from the steps. Then a primer is applied to the concrete surfaces. It increases adhesion.

The primer is applied to the concrete in two layers. Each of them should be completely dry. This usually happens within 6 hours. The exact time is indicated on the package. Then use a putty or cement mortar to eliminate cracks and even depressions.

Selection of facing wood material Before covering a concrete staircase with wood, you need to choose the best option for lumber. It is better to solve this problem by a specialist. After all, he knows all the subtleties of the process. It is important to choose the right option, even if you plan to use valuable wood or material in the form of glued panels.

Features of using plywood

Further covering of the stairs is carried out by laying plywood sheets. The work uses a moisture-resistant material. First, workpieces are cut out of it in accordance with the previously removed dimensions. The very same process of installing laminated wood boards is called plywood. At this stage, a false bowstring is also used. It is used to protect the bottom of the adjacent wall from dirt.

Installation of plywood sheet workpieces on treads

Previously prepared plywood blanks are mounted on a concrete base. Their laying on treads is carried out strictly in the horizontal plane. To fix the workpieces, use self-tapping screws or dowel nails. Therefore, holes are drilled in advance.

However, glue is also used in addition. The use of this composition allows you to increase the reliability of the connection of two materials. In addition, the glue also performs the function of waterproofing.

Complete veneering of concrete surfaces

When a concrete staircase is completely finished with wood, plywood is installed at least on the treads and risers. At the same time, the order of work differs from partial facing of the structure.

First, the master secures plywood workpieces on risers. After that, the cut-out parts from wood-layered boards are fixed on the treads. Sometimes specialists first assemble each stage completely and only then perform the installation of the entire structure at once.

Facing with wood details

After fixing the plywood blanks, gluing the bowstring and drying the adhesive compounds, the wooden steps are installed on the concrete staircase. When ready-made parts are used, then the process is performed as quickly as possible. After all, the mounted elements already have holes. At the same time, recesses for risers are even made on horizontal parts.

Railing installation

During the wood finishing of the staircase structure, railings are usually installed. They are also made of wood. The technology of this process depends directly on the type of railing to be installed. Fix all parts more often with self-tapping screws. So that their caps are not visible, additionally use plugs to match the color of the tree.

After installing the railing, varnish is applied to all their elements. It can be a tinting or colorless composition. The structure is covered with it in two or three layers. In this case, each of them is applied after the previous one has dried.

Briefly about the main thing

Stairs on a concrete frame – a strong, but” cold ” design. Because of this, it is often lined with wood elements. The structure is completely or partially covered with wood. The choice of option is influenced by its configuration and the condition of the reinforced concrete frame.

Wood elements are manufactured on-site or in the factory. Treads are cut from hardwoods with a minimum thickness of 30-40 mm, and treads can be created from softer wood.

Facing the structure begins with leveling the concrete steps. Then they are primed and sheathed with plywood blanks. After that, mount the array. In the end, install the railing, and apply the varnish.

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grandeurhills
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